Politics and lobbying are inextricably linked. Without political decision-making, there is no legal basis for important issues such as climate protection. At the same time, it is important that the voices and needs of the affected industries are heard. As an association, we represent the interests of our industry vis-à-vis politicians, authorities and other associations.
2007: Foundation of Biofuels Switzerland, SKR projects bioethanol + biodiesel
2008: Tax relief for biofuels
2008 to 2012: 1st crediting period
1.1.2013: CO₂ Act enters into force / KliK Foundation established
2014 to 2020: 2nd crediting period
2018: Parliament sinks total revision of CO₂ Act
2021 to 2030: 3rd crediting period
2021: People reject total revision of CO₂ Act
2021: Parliament extends existing measures until 31.12.2024
From 2022: Revision of the existing CO₂ Act
Within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Climate Agreement, Switzerland has committed itself to reducing CO₂ emissions by 50 percent below 1990 levels by 2030. Parliament is having a hard time with the revision of the CO₂ Act. After the popular "no" to the total revision of the CO₂ Act in June 2021, a moderate revision is now up for discussion. Incentives instead of new taxes and levies are the premise. If parliament sticks to the Federal Council's timetable, the revised law will enter into force on 1 January 2025.
The revised CO₂ Act provides for a transfer obligation for renewable fuels for fuel importers, comparable to the blending obligation in the EU states. The Federal Council is given the authority to set the share of renewable fuels at 5 to 10 percent, measured against CO₂ emissions. In addition, there is the existing compensation obligation, which the Federal Council can set at between 5 and 90 percent.
With the revised CO₂ Act, Switzerland is aligning itself with the European standard in terms of the social and ecological criteria for sustainable renewable fuels. Thus, fuel importers will in future have the choice between tax-exempt renewable fuels according to the previous criteria (Swiss Finish) or mass-balanced renewable fuels without tax relief according to the European standard.
In Switzerland, the principle applies that plants are used first as food, then as animal feed and only last as fuel. Under the current funding conditions, the arable production of biogenic fuels will hardly ever play a role in Switzerland. The focus will be on renewable fuels from biogenic wastes and residues. Moreover, the Swiss Finish imposes additional social and ecological requirements compared to the EU. Furthermore, the Swiss Federal Office of Energy SFOE adheres to the principle that the use of biomass for energy purposes must not lead to direct or indirect displacement effects on food production or biodiversity, either in Switzerland or abroad.
The KliK Foundation is committed to implementing this compensation obligation. It is a compensation association that supports projects to reduce greenhouse gases.
Liquid biofuels still offer the greatest CO₂ savings potential. They are effective immediately and without any loss of comfort in any vehicle with an internal combustion engine. Today, drivers and transporters save around half a million tonnes of CO₂ per year.
2013 - 2024
In the period from 2013 to 2024, incentives will be provided to advance climate protection in Switzerland. These include buses for non-compensated CO₂ emissions and tax relief for sustainable biofuels. In addition, the promotion or steering model KliK is used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
In 2025, the revised CO₂ Act is expected to come into force and will enable convergence with the European RED II directive for advanced biofuels. With the introduction of mass balancing and the transfer obligation, it will be possible to simplify the trade in biofuels. Furthermore, international certification systems such as ISCC, REDCert and RSB will be recognised.
In addition, sustainable biofuels can be imported with the so-called "Swiss Finish", which is associated with tax relief. So-called "advanced biofuels" can now also be imported, which can be traded without tax relief by means of mass balancing.
50 % reduction compared to 1990...
Advantages of synthetic fuels => CO₂-neutral (if renewable electricity) => suitable for all combustion engines => use of existing infrastructures
Synthetic fuels offer a number of advantages. One of the most important advantages is that they are CO₂-neutral when produced with renewable electricity. Because they are made from carbon dioxide and hydrogen, no additional CO₂ is produced when they are used.
Another advantage of synthetic fuels is that they are suitable for all types of combustion engines, including aircraft, ships and cars. This means that they can use the existing infrastructure instead of building a completely new one.
Synthetic fuels can also be produced from different sources, such as biomass, hydrogen or synthetic methane, which offers flexibility in terms of energy supply.
They also have the advantage that they can reduce emissions of pollutants, compared to fossil fuels. They produce less nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and soot particles, thus helping to improve air quality.
Another advantage of synthetic fuels is their storability and transportability, as they can be stored in liquid form and are thus easier to transport compared to biofuels.
Also, the possibility of using CO₂ as a feedstock, which opens up the possibility of CO₂ capture and storage, thus contributing to the reduction of CO₂ emissions.
However, there are also disadvantages, such as the high costs of production and dependence on renewable energies and the still limited availability of CO₂ capture technologies.